HATRED IS A
NEGATIVE FEELING FINDING NO PLACE IN A GOOD HEART.
SO WE WOULD RATHER
ASK COULD DALITS EVER
LOVE GANDHI OR REGARD HIM AS A FRIEND OF OR A PERSON OF GOODWILL
Our feelings of love or dislike
must be based upon historical facts. Every one knows that Gandhi was up
against racial discrimination in South Africa before coming to India.
1. Gandhi entered Indian politics in 1919 and soon captured the congress. He
made congress a mass organization and launched a Constructive Programme of
social amelioration known as Bardoli Programme, in 1922 ; to finance this
programme he started a fund of one crore and 30 lakhs of rupees, known as "Tilak
Swaraj Fund" out of which a sum of 49 1/2 lakhs was allotted to Bardoli
Programme which included uplift of the untouchables also. The congress
proposed to start a separate fund of 5 lakhs and then reduced it to 2 lakhs
for the amelioration of the untouchables. Only two lakhs for 60 million
Untouchables! Yet, only 43,381 rupees were actually spent! Seeing that the
congress was not really sincerely interested in this programme Swami
Shradhanand sanyasi resigned from the subcommittee which, not convened even
once, was dissolved and then this task was handed over to Hindu Mahasabha
which had the least interest in this programme of uplifting the
untouchables. Thus the congress washed away their hands from this program.
Ref: DR BABASAHEB
AMBEDKAR WRITINGS AND SPEECHES Vol 9. What
Congress and Gandhi have done to the Untouchables. ps 17- 39
Dr MURUGU DORAI, "Ambethkar kaappiyam", Epic (Tamil) of Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar's
Biography, Part 2, ps 221-222.
SEEING THIS, COULD THE DALITS
EVER PROFESS LOVE FOR GANDHI OR REGARD HIM AS A MAN OF SINCERE GOODWILL
2. "WAR WITH GANDHI"
of Dhananjay Keer's Biography of Dr Babasaheb describes their
first meeting at Mani Bhavan on 14.8.1931 and how Gandhi developed
the animosity towards Dr Babasaheb. Later he opposed Dr.
Babasaheb's stand at the 2nd RTC.
At the 2nd
RTC Gandhi claimed that he was the only person qualified to
represent and speak on behalf the untouchables, claiming that
he had lived with them, & shared their joys and sorrows with
them. He refused to acknowledge Dr Babasaheb as the true
representative of the untouchables.
He said that the
welfare of the untouchables was dearer to him than his own
life! He said "I will not bargain away their rights for the
kingdom of the whole world.". But he agreed to give the
Muslims, Sikhs and Christians separate electorates but other
than ordinary right to adult franchise he vehemently refused to
give any other special privileges such as separate
electorate to the Depressed Classes. He secretly agreed to give
the Muslims all their 14 demands; in return he wanted them to
oppose Dr Babasaheb's demands at the 2nd RTC. When finally they
could not arrive at a decision as regards the minority
problem, they submitted a memorandum to accept the British
Prime Minister's decision and Gandhi also signed it. But later
when the PM gave his decision, Gandhi refused to accept it and
went on fast unto death!
BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR WRITINGS AND SPEECHES Vol. 2 Ps 600 -672.
DORAI, "Ambethkar kaappiyam", Epic (Tamil) of Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar's
Biography, Part 2, pages 236-237.
DALITS LOVE OR REGARD SUCH A GANDHI ASTHEIR FRIEND
OR WELL WISHER?
Gandhi returned to
Bombay on 28.12 1931,eight thousand untouchables,
males and females at 2.30 in the shivering cold of early
morning demonstrated with black flags against Gandhi at
the Mole Station!
Ref. Dhananjay Keer, DR AMBEDKAR Life And Mission. Ps
Ref. Dr MURUGU DORAI, "Ambethkar kaappiyam", Epic (in Tamil)
of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's Biography, Part 2, pages
COULD ANY DALIT TODAY PROFESS LOVE FOR THAT GANDHI? 4. After returning to
Bombay, the only thought that fully occupied
Gandhi's mind was how to prevent the Untouchables from
getting from the British what Dr Babasaheb had demanded.
He voluntarily wrote to the then India Minister Sir Samuel
Hoare on 11.3.1932,. He wrote "I respectfully inform His
Majesty's Government that in the event of their decision
creating separate electorate for the Depressed Classes, I
must fast unto death" Sir Samuel Hoare replied that "we
intend to give any decision that may be necessary solely
and only upon the merits of the case."
The Communal award was announced on 17.8.1932 Gandhi wrote
to the PM saying "I have to resist your decision with my
life. The only way I can do so is by declaring a perpetual
fast unto death from food of any kind save water with or
without salt and soda..."
The PM replied on 8.9.1932 explaining the Govt's duty to
"safeguard what we believed to be the right of the
Depressed Classes to a fair proportion of representation
in the legislatures.. the Govt's decision stands and that
only agreement of the communities themselves can
substitute other electoral arrangements..."; Finally PM
urged, "ask yourself seriously the question whether it
really justifies you in taking the action you contemplate"
Yet Gandhi ignored the fact that as a signatory to the
memorandum, he should accept whatever decision the PM had
taken , and went on fast unto death!
Dr BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR WRITINGS AND SPEECHES Vol 9.What Congress and Gandhi have done to the
Untouchables. ps 77 -87. Dr MURUGU DORAI, "Ambethkar kaappiyam", Epic (Tamil) of
Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar's Biography, Part 2, pages
DALIT FEEL THAT GANDHI WAS A FRIEND OR A WELL
WISHER OF DALITS?
Gandhi started his fast on 20.9.1932. Dr Babasaheb
issued a statement on the 19th instant. Every Dalit
must read those 6 pages of statement issued to the
press. What would have happened to the then 60 million
Dalits, if anything had happened to Gandhi's life? Dr
Babasaheb said "whether he knows it or not, the
Mahatmas' act will result in nothing but terrorism by
his followers against the Depressed Classes all over
the country.... If Mr Gandhi coolly reflects on the
consequences of his act, I very much doubt whether he
will find this victory worth having....the Mahatma is
releasing reactionary and uncontrollable forces, and is
fostering the spirit of hatred between the Hindu
community and the Depressed Classes.." Dr Babasaheb
ended his statement thus: "I am prepared to consider the
proposals of the Mahatma. I however trust the Mahatma
will not drive me to the necessity of making a choice
between his life and the rights of my people. For I
can never consent to deliver my people bound hand and
footto the Caste Hindus for generations to
To save Gandhi from sure death, a conference of Hindu
leaders was held at the hall of the Indian Merchants in
Bombay on 19.9.1932 under the president ship of Pandid
Madan Mohan Malaviya. Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar said there,
"..secure Gandhi's alternative proposal... But one
thing is decided. To save Gandhi's life I would not be a
party to any proposals that would be against the
interests of my people"
The next day, when Dr Babasaheb was told that Gandhi had
no personal objection to the reservation of seats for
the Depressed Classes, he told the conference "It has
fallen to my lot to be the villain of the piece. But
I tell you I shall not deter from my pious duty, and
betray the just and legitimate interest of my people
even if you hang me on the nearest lamp-post in the
63 years old Gandhi was without food for three days,
lying on the white color painted iron cot under the
mango tree, at the Yeravda Prison, his body very weak,
and his voice sinking low to muttering. The question of
duration of primary election and referendum to decide
the duration of reserved seats was hanging undecided.
Dr Babasaheb insisted that the question of reserved
seats should be settled by referendum of the Depressed
Classes at end of 25 years. But Gandhi said with a tone
of finality "Five years or my life!"
was decided to make the agreement without the condition
of referendum. Thus the Poona pact was signed. What Dr
Babasaheb Ambedkar felt at that moment?
Babasaheb says " No man was placed in a greater and
graver dilemma than I was then. It was a baffling
situation. I had to make a choice between two different
alternatives. There was before me the duty, which I owed
as a part of common humanity, to save Gandhi from sure
death. There was before me the problem of saving for the
Untouchables the political rights which the Prime
Minister had given them. I responded to the call of
humanity and saved the life of Mr Gandhi by agreeing to
alter the Communal Award in a manner satisfactory to Mr
wanted only 5 years to decide whether to extend or not
to extend the period of reserved seats! Could
un-touchability or social slavery of untouchables be
eradicated in five years? Now after 75 years the
reservation needs still to be continued.
But Gandhi threatened "Five years or my life!"
Are these the words of a Mahatma? a friend of the
DHANANJAY KEER, AMBEDKAR LIFE AND MISSION ps 204-
BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR WRITINGS AND SPEECHES
Vol 9.What Congress and Gandhi have done to the
Untouchables. ps 311-317, 88.
Vol 5. 'GANDHI AND HIS FAST' p 341
MS GORE ' THE Social Contextb of an Ideology' AMBEDKAR'S
AND SOCIAL THOUGHT, p 136
W.N. KUBER. 'BUILDERS OF MODERN INDIA' B.R.
AMBEDKAR ps 41-42
Dr MURUGU DORAI, "Ambethkar Kaappiyam", Epic (Tamil)
of Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar's Biography, Part 2,
COULD ANY DALIT
EVER REGARD GANDHI AS A FRIEND OF THE DALITS?
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